Leonid Rogozov ( Russian general practitioner) was the only doctor stationed at the Novolazarevskaya Station and, while there, developed peritonitis, which meant he had to perform an appendectomy on himself, a famous case of self-surgery at April , 31 , 1961
After a brief period of postoperative weakness, the signs of peritonitis disappeared. Rogozov's temperature returned to normal after five days, and the stitches were removed seven days after the operation. He resumed his regular duties in about two weeks.
The self-surgery captured the imagination of the Soviet public at the time.
In 1961 he was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labour.